Canon & Abraham’s Descendents // Main Street

This week in Main Street, the “What’s in the Bible?” curriculum did a recap of the previous week’s stories by singing a song called: Hallelujah, Look What God Can Do!

Watch it here:

Canon

The curriculum paused in a sense and spent some time emphasizing how the books of the Bible were selected. A rule or standard (canon) was prepared to select books.

In the Old Testament (OT), the canon was determined by Jewish leaders and it contained the stories of Israel from prophets, priests, and kings. The OT or Hebrew Bible (TaNaK) was set by 140 BC.

The New Testament canon was determined by the leaders of the early Christian church. There were three rules:

  1. The author had to be an apostle or the friend of an apostle.
  2. The content had to agree with the teachings of Jesus.
  3. The question was asked if the church used the different books.

The curriculum stated that the New Testament books were written between 30 – 95 AD. Because many false manuscripts and writings were popping up, the leaders thought that a rule or standard was important to collect the right teachings and outworkings of the kingdom of God introduced by Jesus Christ.

By 210 AD, church leaders agreed on 21 books to include in the New Testament. By 240 AD, church leaders agreed on 23 books. In 367 AD, Athanasius wrote a letter during Easter referencing 27 books of the New Testament and all the church leaders agreed. This was when the NT was “canonized,” finalized.

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